1 3, rudolph, who was born into poverty in the racially segregated south, was the twentieth of twenty-two siblings from her father's two marriages. 4 5 6 Shortly after Wilma's birth, her family moved to Clarksville, tennessee, 3 where she grew up and attended elementary and high school. Her father, Ed, who worked as a railway porter and did odd jobs in Clarksville, died in 1961; her mother, Blanche, worked as a maid in Clarksville homes and died in 1994. 7 Rudolph suffered from several early childhood illnesses, including pneumonia and scarlet fever, and contracted infantile paralysis (caused by the polio virus) at the age of four. 8 She recovered from polio, but lost strength in her left leg and foot. Physically disabled for much of her early life, rudolph wore a leg brace until she was eight years old. Because there was little medical care available to African American residents of Clarksville in the 1940s, rudolph's parents sought treatment for her at the historically black meharry medical College (now Nashville general Hospital at Meharry) in Nashville, tennessee, about 50 miles (80 km) from Clarksville. 9 For two years Rudolph and her mother made weekly bus trips to nashville for treatments to regain the use of her weakened leg.
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Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali oscar Robertson, and, rafer Johnson who competed in Italy. As an Olympic champion in the early 1960s, rudolph was among the most highly visible black women in America and abroad. She became a role model for black and female athletes and her Olympic successes helped elevate women's track and field in the United States. Rudolph is also regarded as a civil rights and women's rights pioneer. In 1962 Rudolph retired from competition at the peak of her athletic career as the world record-holder in the 100- and 200-meter individual events and the 4 100-meter relay. After competing in the 1960 Summer Olympics, the 1963 graduate. Tennessee state University became an educator and coach. Rudolph and her achievements are memorialized in a variety of tributes, including. Postage stamp, documentary films, and a made-for-television movie, as well as in numerous publications, especially books for young readers. Contents, early life and education, rudolph was born prematurely.5 pounds (2.0 kg) on June 23, 1940,. Saint Bethlehem, tennessee (now part of Clarksville, tn).
Rudolph died of brain cancer at age 54 on nov. 12, 1994 in Nashville. Her extraordinary calm and grace are what people remember most about her. Said Bill Mulliken, a 1960 Olympics teammate of Rudolph's: "She was beautiful, she was nice, and she was the best.". Wilma Glodean Rudolph (June 23, 1940 november 12, 1994) was an American sprinter from, clarksville, tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 19Olympic Games. Rudolph competed in the 200-meter dash and won a bronze medal in the 4 100-meter relay book at the 1956 Summer Olympics at, melbourne, australia. She also won three gold medals in the 100- and 200-meter individual events and the 4 x 100-meter relay at the 1960 Summer Olympics in, rome, italy. Rudolph was acclaimed the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and became the first American woman, to win three gold medals in a single Olympic Games. Due to the worldwide television coverage of the 1960 Summer Olympics, rudolph became an international star along with other Olympic athletes such.
She had entry four kids of her own and in her post-Olympic years she worked as a track coach at Indiana's depauw University and served as. Goodwill ambassador to French West Africa. She said her greatest accomplishment was creating the wilma rudolph foundation, a not-for-profit, community-based amateur sports program. "I tell them that the most important aspect is to be book yourself and have confidence in yourself she said. "I remind them the triumph can't be had without the struggle.". Honors kept coming for Rudolph. She was voted into the Black Athletes Hall. Fame in 1973 and the national Track and field Hall of Fame in 1974. Nbc made a movie about her life from her autobiography, "Wilma.".
Florence Griffith joyner - every time she ran, i ran.". Bob Kersee, husband and coach of Jackie joyner-Kersee, said Rudolph was the greatest influence for African-American women athletes that he knows. His wife went further. "She was always in my corner said joyner-Kersee, winner of six Olympic medals. "If I had a problem, i could call her at home. It was like talking to someone you knew for a lifetime.". Rudolph touched Olympians and non-Olympians alike.
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Could have paid her for temple said. Zone poll, she did more than promote her country. In her soft-spoken, gracious manner, she paved the way for African-American athletes, both men and women, who came later. When she returned from Rome, tennessee gov. Buford Ellington, who was elected as "an old-fashioned segregationist planned to head her welcome home celebration.
Rudolph said she would not attend a segregated event. Rudolph's parade and banquet were the first integrated events in book her hometown of Clarksville. Rudolph especially inspired young African-American female athletes. Most notable was Florence Griffith joyner, the next woman to win three gold medals in one Olympics (1988). "It was a great thrill for me to see rudolph said. "I thought I'd never get to see that.
But Temple was no soft touch. He made the girls run an extra lap for every minute they were late to practice. Rudolph once overslept practice by 30 minutes and was made to run 30 extra laps. The next day she was sitting on the track 30 minutes early. Unity and teamwork were temple's passions.
He reminded reporters after Rudolph became famous that there were three other gold medalists on the platform with her during the relay event. Almost the entire 1960 Olympic team, coached by temple, came from his Tennessee state team. Rudolph didn't forget her teammates, either. She said her favorite event was the relay because she got to stand on the platform with them. Regardless, the press and fans in Rome flocked to her. The newspapers called her "The Black pearl" and "The Black gazelle." After the Olympics, when the team competed in Greece, england, holland and Germany, it was the charming, beautiful Rudolph, fans wanted to watch perform. Sports Illustrated reported that mounted police had to keep back her admirers in Cologne. In Berlin, fans stole her shoes then surrounded her bus and beat on it with their fists until she waved. "She's done more for her country than what the.
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Then Ed Temple came calling. Temple, the tennessee state track coach, asked Gray to form a girls' track team so he could turn one of the forwards into a sprinter. And Wilma was the one. She had natural ability presentation she couldn't explain. "I don't know why i run so fast she said. She loved biography it enough to begin attending Temple's daily college practices while still in high school. Temple's dedication was inspiring. He was a sociology professor at Tennessee state and unpaid coach. He drove the team to meets in his own car and had the school track, an unmarked and unsurfaced dirt oval, lined at his own expense.
Once a week her mother Blanche, a domestic worker, drove her 90 miles roundtrip to a nashville hospital for therapy. Years of treatment and a determination to be a "normal kid" worked. Despite whooping cough, measles and chicken pox, rudolph was out of her leg braces at age 9 and soon became a budding basketball star. When she was 11, her brothers set up a basketball hoop in the yard. "After that her mother said, "it was basketball, basketball, basketball.". At the all-African-American Burt High School, rudolph played on the girls' basketball team, where her coach,. Gray, gave her the nickname, "skeeter." "you're little, you're fast and you always get in my way live he said. Rudolph became an all-state player, setting a state record of 49 points in one game.
left leg, she was fitted with metal leg braces when she was. "I spent most of my time trying to figure out how to get them off she said. "But when you come from a large, wonderful family, there's always a way to achieve your goals.". Rudolph grew up in a poor family, the 20th of her father Ed's 22 children (from two marriages). Although she never shared a home with all her siblings and half-siblings at once, there were still plenty of brothers and sisters to serve as "lookouts" if she mischievously removed her braces. Her brothers and sisters took turns massaging her crippled leg every day.
She won the 100- and 200-meter races and anchored the. Team to victory in the 4 x 100-meter relay, breaking records along the way. In the 100, she tied the world record.3 seconds in the semifinals, then won the final by three yards.0. However, because of.75-meter per second wind - above the acceptable limit of two meters per second - she didn't receive credit for a world record. In the 200, she broke the Olympic record in the opening heat.2 seconds and won the final.0 summary seconds. In the relay, rudolph, despite a poor baton pass, overtook germany's anchor leg, and the Americans, all women from Tennessee state, took the gold.5 seconds after setting a world record.4 seconds in the semifinals. Rudolph's Olympic performances (she also won a bronze medal at age 16 in the relay at Melbourne in 1956) were spectacular. But it is the story of how she got there that makes her accomplishments legendary.
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Rudolph ran and world went wild. Roberts, special to m, wilma rudolph was a sight to behold. At 5-foot-11 and 130 pounds, she was lightning fast. Wilma watchers in first the late 1950s and early '60s were admonished: don't blink. You might miss her. And that would be a shame. Wilma rudolph was the first American woman to win three gold medals in one Olympics. At the 1960 Rome Olympics, rudolph became "the fastest woman in the world" and the first American woman to win three gold medals in one Olympics.