In 2007, miller stated that "There was a lot of interference in the writing process. After working on the two robocop movies, i really thought that was it for me in the business of film." Miller would come into contact with the fictional cyborg once more, writing the comic-book miniseries, roboCop. The terminator, with art by walter Simonson. In 2003, miller's screenplay for RoboCop 2 was adapted by Steven Grant for avatar Press's Pulsaar imprint. Illustrated by juan Jose ryp, the series is called Frank miller's RoboCop and contains plot elements that were divided between RoboCop 2 and RoboCop. In 1991, miller started work on his first Sin City story. Serialized in Dark horse Presents 5162, it proved to be another success, and the story was released in a trade paperback. This first Sin City "yarn" was rereleased in 1995 under the name The hard goodbye.
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From then on Miller would be a major supporter of creator rights and be a major voice against censorship in comics. After announcing he intended to release his work only via the independent publisher Dark horse comics, miller completed one final project for Epic Comics, the mature-audience imprint of Marvel Comics. Elektra lives Again was a fully painted graphic novel written and drawn by miller and colored by longtime partner Lynn Varley. Telling the story of the resurrection of Elektra from the dead and Daredevil's quest to find her, as well as showing Miller's will to experiment with new story-telling techniques. 1990 saw Miller and artist geof Darrow start work on Hard boiled, a three-issue miniseries. The title, a mix of violence and satire, was praised for Darrow's highly detailed art kindergarten and Miller's writing. At the same time miller and artist dave gibbons produced give me liberty, a four-issue miniseries for Dark horse. Give me liberty was followed by sequel miniseries and specials expanding on the story of protagonist Martha washington, an African-American woman in modern and near-future southern North America, all of which were written by miller and drawn by gibbons. Miller also wrote the scripts for the science fiction films RoboCop 2 and RoboCop 3, about a police cyborg. Neither was critically well received.
Both of these projects were well received critically. Elektra: Assassin was praised for its bold storytelling, but neither it nor Daredevil: love and War had the influence or reached as many readers as Dark Knight Returns or Born Again. Miller's final major story in this period was in Batman summary issues 404407 in 1987, another collaboration with mazzucchelli. Titled Batman: year One, this was Miller's version of the origin of Batman in which he retconned many details and adapted the story to fit his Dark Knight continuity. Proving to be hugely popular, this was as influential as Miller's previous work and a trade paperback released in 1988 remains in print and is one of dc's best selling books and adapted as an original animated film video in 2011. Miller had also drawn the covers for the first twelve issues of First Comics English language reprints of kazuo koike and Goseki kojima's Lone wolf and Cub. This helped bring Japanese manga to a wider Western audience. During this time, miller (along with Marv wolfman, Alan moore and Howard Chaykin) had been in dispute with dc comics over a proposed ratings system for comics. Disagreeing with what he saw as censorship, miller refused to do any further work for dc, and he would take his future projects to the independent publisher Dark horse comics.
Then, with artist david mazzucchelli, he crafted a seven-issue story arc that, like the database dark Knight Returns, similarly redefined and reinvigorated its main character. The storyline, "Daredevil: Born Again in 227233 (Feb.-Aug. 1986) chronicled the hero's Catholic background, and the destruction and rebirth of his real-life identity, manhattan attorney matt Murdock, at the hands of Daredevil's nemesis, the crime lord Wilson Fisk, also known as the kingpin. After completing the "Born Again" arc, Frank miller intended to produce a two-part story with artist Walt Simonson but it was never completed and remains unpublished. Miller and artist Bill sienkiewicz produced the graphic novel Daredevil: love and War in 1986. Featuring the character of the kingpin, it indirectly bridges Miller's first run friend on Daredevil and Born Again by explaining the change in the kingpin's attitude toward Daredevil. Miller and sienkiewicz also produced the eight-issue miniseries Elektra: Assassin for Epic Comics. Set outside regular Marvel continuity, it featured a wild tale of cyborgs and ninjas, while expanding further on Elektra's background.
The story tells how Batman retired after the death of the second Robin (Jason Todd and at age 55 returns to fight crime in a dark and violent future. Miller created a tough, gritty batman, referring to him as "The dark Knight" based upon him being called the "Darknight Detective" in some 1970s portrayals. Released the same year as Alan moore's and dave gibbons' dc miniseries Watchmen, it showcased a new form of more adult-oriented storytelling to both comics fans and a crossover mainstream audience. The dark Knight Returns influenced the comic-book industry by heralding a new wave of darker characters. The trade paperback collection proved to be a big seller for dc and remains in print 25 years after first being published. By this time, miller had returned as the writer of Daredevil. Following his self-contained story "Badlands penciled by john Buscema, in 219 (June 1985 he co-wrote 226 (Jan. 1986) with departing writer Dennis o'neil.
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1982 inked by josef Rubinstein and spinning off from the popular x-men title. Miller used this miniseries to essay expand on Wolverine's character. The series was a critical success and further cemented Miller's place as an industry star. His first creator-owned title was dc comics' six-issue miniseries Ronin (19831984). In 1985, dc comics named Miller as one of the honorees in the company's 50th-anniversary publication Fifty Who made dc great. Miller was involved in a few unpublished projects in the early 1980s. A house advertisement for Doctor Strange appeared in Marvel Comics cover-dated February 1981.
It stated "Watch for the new adventures of Earth's Sorcerer Supreme - - as mystically conjured by roger Stern and Frank miller!". Miller's only contribution to the series would be the cover for Doctor Strange 46 (April 1981). Other commitments prevented him from working on the series. Miller and Steve gerber made a proposal to revamp dc's three biggest characters: Superman, batman, and Wonder Woman, under a line called "Metropolis" and comics titled "Man of Steel" or "The man of Steel "Dark Knight" and "Amazon". However, this proposal was not accepted. In 1986, dc comics released the writer-penciler Miller's Batman: The dark Knight Returns, a four-issue miniseries printed in what the publisher called "prestige format" squarebound, rather than stapled; on heavy-stock paper rather than newsprint, and with cardstock rather than glossy-paper covers. It was inked by Klaus Janson and colored by lynn Varley.
Unable to handle both writing and penciling Daredevil on the new monthly schedule, miller began increasingly relying on Janson for the artwork, sending him looser and looser pencils beginning with 173. By issue 185, miller had virtually relinquished his role as Daredevil's artist, and was providing only rough layouts for Janson to both pencil and ink, allowing him to focus on the writing. Miller's work on Daredevil was characterized by darker themes and stories. This peaked when in 181 (April 1982) he had the assassin Bullseye kill Elektra, and Daredevil subsequently attempt to kill him. Miller finished his Daredevil run with issue 191 (Feb.
1983 which he cited in a winter 1983 interview as the issue he is most proud of; by this time he had transformed a second-tier character into one of Marvel's most popular. Additionally, miller drew a short Batman Christmas story, "Wanted: Santa Claus dead or Alive written by dennis o'neil for dc special Series 21 (Spring 1980). This was his first professional experience with a character with which, like daredevil, he would become closely associated. At Marvel, o'neil and Miller collaborated on two issues of The Amazing Spider-Man Annual. The 1980 Annual featured a team-up with Doctor Strange while the 1981 Annual showcased a meeting with the punisher. As penciler and co-plotter, miller, together with writer Chris Claremont, produced the miniseries Wolverine 14 (Sept.-Dec.
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Miller's fortunes changed with the arrival of Denny o'neil as with editor. Realizing Miller's unhappiness with the series, and impressed by a backup story he had written, o'neil fired McKenzie so that Miller could try writing the series himself. Miller and o'neil would maintain a friendly working relationship throughout his run on the series. With issue 168 (Jan. 1981 miller took over full duties as writer and penciller. Sales rose so swiftly that Marvel once again began publishing Daredevil monthly rather than bimonthly just three issues after Miller became its writer. Issue 168 saw the first full appearance of the ninja mercenary Elektra who would become a popular character and star in a 2005 motion picture although her first cover appearance was four months earlier on Miller's cover of The comics journal 58. Miller later wrote and drew a solo Elektra story in bizarre Adventures 28 (Oct. He added a martial arts aspect to daredevil's presentation fighting skills, and introduced previously unseen characters who had played a major part in the character's youth: Stick, leader of the ninja clan the Chaste, who had been Murdock's sensei after he was blinded and a rival.
Shooter if he could work on Daredevil's regular title. Shooter agreed and made miller the new penciller on the title. As Miller recalled in 2008: When I first showed up in New York, i showed up with a bunch of comics, a bunch of samples, of guys in trench coats and old cars and such. And comics editors said, 'where are the guys in tights?' And I had to learn how to. But as soon as a title came along, when Daredevil signature artist Gene colan left Daredevil, i realized it was my secret in to do crime comics with a superhero in them. And so i lobbied for the title and got it". Daredevil 158 (may 1979 miller's debut on that title, was the finale of an ongoing story written by roger McKenzie and inked by Klaus Janson. After this issue, miller became one of Marvel's rising stars. However, sales on Daredevil did not improve, marvel's management continued to discuss cancellation, and Miller himself almost quit the series, as he disliked McKenzie's scripts.
Though no published credits appear, he is tentatively credited with the three-page story "royal feast" in the licensed tv-series comic book the Twilight Zone 84 (June 1978 by an unknown writer, and is credited with the five-page "Endless Cloud also by an unknown writer,. By the time of essay the latter, miller had his first confirmed credit in writer wyatt Gwyon's six-page "Deliver me from d-day inked by danny bulanadi, in weird War Tales 64 (June 1978). Former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter recalled Miller going to dc comics after having broken in with "a small job from Western Publishing, i think. Thus emboldened, he went to dc, and after getting savaged by joe orlando, got in to see art director Vinnie colletta, who recognized talent and arranged for him to get a one-page war-comic job". The Grand Comics Database does not list this job; there may have been a one-page dc story, or Shooter may have misremembered the page count or have been referring to the two-page story, by writer Roger McKenzie, "Slowly, painfully, you dig your way from the. Other fledgling work at dc included the six-page "The Greatest Story never Told by writer paul Kupperberg, in that same issue, and the five-page "The Edge of History written by Elliot. Maggin, in Unknown Soldier 219 (Sept. His first work for Marvel Comics was penciling the 17-page story "The master Assassin of Mars, part 3" in John Carter, warlord of Mars 18 (Nov. At Marvel, miller would settle in as a regular fill-in and cover artist, working on a variety of titles.
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Frank miller (born ; Maryland, usa). Frank miller is an American writer, artist, and film director best known for his dark comic book stories and graphic novels such as Ronin, daredevil: Born Again, The dark Knight Returns, sin City and 300. He also directed the film version of The Spirit, shared directing duties with Robert Rodriguez on Sin City, sin City: a dame to kill For and produced the film 300. He is also known for creating the comic book character Elektra. Miller was born in Olney, maryland, on January 27, 1957, and raised in Montpelier, vermont, the fifth of seven children of a nurse mother barbing and a carpenter/electrician father. His family was Irish Catholic. Miller grew up a comics fan, with a letter he wrote to marvel Comics being published in The cat 3 (April 1973). His first published work was at Western Publishing's Gold key comics imprint, gotten at the recommendation of comics artist neal Adams, to whom a fledgling Miller, after moving to new York city, had shown samples and received much critique and occasional informal lessons.