Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 78(6 936-951. Bpd: mental illness or misogyny? Therapy today, 21(2 16-21. An overview of dialectical Behavior Therapy for Professional Psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research And Practice, doi:10. Borderline personality disorder Essay, research Paper. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is one of the most controversial diagnoses in psychology today.
Borderline personality disorder - causes, dsm
At the same time, the individual must take the conscious initiative to behave in a manner that is acceptable in society, and not act on their impulses. Conclusion nevertheless, while investigating the possibility that the form of therapy known as dialectical Behavior Therapy (dbt as a treatment that eases the symptoms of borderline personality disorder, to be encouraging. After conducting research, finding available data on the disorder, and performing a diagnostic test through a study of dbt on patients, it will be possible to create a hypothetical determination. Through assignment conclusive data it may even be proven that through a thorough exploration and analysis, that the usefulness of dbt for patients with borderline personality disorder is probable; by witnessing if the therapy eases the symptoms. If this is proven possible, then it may be a potential form of management, for borderline personality disorder with this form of treatment; thus, becoming supplementary to the current first choice available, which is cognitive behavioral therapy. References, andion,., ferrer,., matali,., gancedo,., calvo,., barral,., casas,. Effectiveness of combined individual and group dialectical behavior therapy compared to only individual dialectical behavior therapy: A preliminary study. Retrieved from http health. disorder Kliem,., kroger,., kosfelder,. Dialectical behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder: A meta-analysis using mixed-effects modeling.
After 9 months of research it was proven to be effective in dates helping relief symptoms and behaviors. The self-injury rate had also gone down greatly in this group with 15 of the 17 individuals not doing any personal harm. All of the individuals except 4 were able to overcome difficulties by identifying and altering negative thinking, actions, and emotional responses with great success. The results have spoken for themselves, and it seems that both of these methods are effective in treating people with bpd. While cognitive therapy helps the sufferer identify the roots of their disorder, dialectical therapy helps them control their emotions and behaviors. Identifying the problem should always be the first step, which is why we conclude that cognitive therapy should be utilized first, and in conjunction with dialectical therapy. Often times, bpd is not something that was acquired through genetics, but through experiences in ones life. Because of this, we dont believe bpd has anything to do with a chemical imbalance, and medications are not usually recommended. It is best to acknowledge the root causes of ones emotions and behaviors, and work on a daily basis to put them into perspective.
Results to study the results of therapy progress over a 9 month period of time we took 100 randomly paper selected individuals with bpd and used 4 clinics total. In our study 2 of the 4 clinics were to participate with cognitive therapy (50 individuals) and 2 clinics to participate with dbt (50 individuals). The result of clinic a (cognitive therapy) was very positive and overtime all 50 people showed mood improvements. We were able to directly work with the patients by identifying a self-fulfilling way to change the negative thought patterns and dysfunctional behaviors. For these 50 individuals we would meet daily and work on skills such as changing the thought process, how you cope with your feelings, as well as changing overall actions. Clinic b (DBT) seemed to have the strongest positive form of management with bpd. These 50 individuals focused more strongly on techniques for emotion regulation and concepts of distress patience.
Twenty five participants from each clinic were enrolled into the experiment to include different genders, race, ethnic and cultural backgrounds, age, socioeconomic groups and religions. Each participant had a new diagnosis of bpd that was untreated at the time of the experiment, and was not diagnosed with any other psychological or psychiatric disorder unrelated to bpd. Each participant signed a consent orm and was debriefed consisting of information addressing that the study was to determine which type of therapy is most effective in the treatment of bpd. Each participant was informed their participation and results would not be shared among their peers or anyone else, and they also were informed of the risks pertaining to the experiment. Two of the participating clinics offered each participant nine months of dbt (population 1) while the other two clinics offered nine months of cognitive therapy (population 2). After completing nine months of the selected therapy, the therapists and participants complete an evaluation using a 5 point system with lower scores reflecting a decrease in self destructive behavior and depression. To maintain confidentiality, each evaluation was unnamed, but information such as gender, age, race, culture, ethnicity, religion and socioeconomic status were requested on each evaluation.
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This comprehensive treatment program focuses on promoting the motivation for change by detailed chain analyses, validation strategies, and management of reinforcement contingencies in individual therapy twice a week; increasing target-oriented and appropriate behavior by teaching skills in a weekly group format training, fostering mindful attention. As we can see dbt covers a vast amount of information within its treatment regimen. Persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been found to be difficult to treat effectively. Since frequently to be unsuccessful or reply to therapeutic efforts makes it hard for the therapist to know the best route. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and cognitive therapy refers to set of procedures that obama work to attain the goals for treatment.
Dbt is very useful to help reduce symptoms and helps to teach more behavioral skills. Individuals with bpd need a specialized treatment that is designed around their symptoms. The most important aspect is having a clear and focused treatment shows that it is possible to live with this disorder. The experiment is an independent study, and the hypothesis is directional. The sample consisted of 100 patients with a new diagnosis of bpd. Participants were randomly selected from 4 different behavioral health solar clinics in Sacramento, california, phoenix, Arizona, new York city, new York, and Detroit, michigan.
Researchers believe that genetics, serotonin abnormality, and a persons environment play a part with developing bpd. If someone in the family has been diagnosed with bpd the risk increases for all family members. If there is a decrease in the amount of serotonin the body produces, a person might become susceptible to develop bpd. If someone was exposed to an abusive, unstable, or neglected environment at an early age that could be a potential risk factor for emotional disorders such as bpd. Diagnosis of bpd comes from a provider with a questionnaire based on the American Psychiatric Associations diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, you must meet at least five of the following criteria to be diagnosed with bpd: have a family member diagnosed with bpd.
After a diagnosis is made, treatment options are presented and discussed. Treatment options can vary from person to person based on their level of bpd and can include psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, schema-focused therapy, hospitalization, medication, and alternative therapy. It is important for individuals to receive treatment for bpd, as symptoms can increase with certain stressful situations such as financial, relationship, or work problems. Untreated bpd could also lead to other disorders such as depression, anxiety, eating, bipolar, and substance abuse. We will discuss similarities and differences with cognitive therapy and dialectical behavior therapy as treatment options for bpd. Dialectical Behavior Therapy dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a psychosocial treatment initially developed by marsha linehan as one of the many different treatment options for bpd (rizvo, steffel, carson-Wong, 2012). Dbt is composed of four treatment modes that address five functions.
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Hypotheses with With this research question poised, there are 2 hypotheses to look at: the null and alternative. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference in the effectiveness of dbt versus cognitive therapy in treating borderline personality disorder. The alternative hypothesis is that dbt is more effective than cognitive therapy in treating borderline personality disorder. Let us look at some background information regarding bpd and dbt. Literature review Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that affects about 75 percent of women during adolescence of early adulthood (Proctor, 2010). Bpd is traditionally known for displaying patterns of emotional instability, impulsive behavior, a distorted self-image, and unstable relationships. We will discuss causes, diagnosis, and treatments for individuals that have bpd. The exact cause of bpd is still unknown; however, there have been a few links to show which individuals would be at risk for this illness.
We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. More Essay examples. Psychology rubric, the two treatments we are administering will be cognitive behavioral Therapy, and dialectical Behavioral Therapy. Which one is most down effective? Are they the same? Should they both be utilized? Do some people benefit from one therapy, while others benefit from another? Lets form a hypothesis, and try to find some answers.
This fear may lead to feelings of embarrassment, humiliation and self-consciousness. These emotions often interfere with daily activities, such as school, work and personal relationships. The person might begin to withdraw socially or avoid situations in which he or she is afraid. Just because you may be a little shy or a bit nervous on occasion doesnt mean that you have this condition. Social Anxiety disorders are psychological problems that are often undiagnosed because people are too afraid to ask for help. Social Anxiety disorder or social phobia, is the third largest mental health care problem in the world. Social phobia is characterised by intense and persistent fear of social situations in which scrutiny and embarrassment could occur. There are many abnormal psychological disorders in the dsm-iv along with various treatment options for them. Borderline personality disorder introduction.
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Borderline personality disorder essay sample forward this error screen. Free social anxiety disorder papers, essays, and research papers. Those with sad often fear that other will judge them for negative traits or evaluate them harshly, preventing them from engaging in social behaviors. This fear may seem disproportionate to the situation faced and sociocultural context involved, but is salient enough to be debilitating and effect daily functioning. Many of the afflicted inhibit their behavior to avoid such fearful situations, which will impact their functioning in school, relationships, and later in life, the workplace. A lot of individuals who have social phobia are labeled as shy rather than statement having a disorder. This is mostly because a lot of people dont know or dont understand what social phobia. There is a lot more to social phobia than most people think and to the individual who has social phobia it can be a very detrimental disorder.