And Philetaerus, in his Corinthiast, says- o zeus, how melting and soft an eye the lady has! 'tis not for nothing we behold the temple of Hetaera here; But there is not one temple to a wife Throughout the whole of Greece. And Amphis says in his Athamas - is not a courtesan much more good-humoured Than any wedded wife? No doubt she is, And it is only natural; for she, by law, Thinks she's a right to sulk and stay at home: But well the other knows that it is her manners by which alone she can retain her friends; And if they fail. G and Eubulus, in his Chrysilla, says- may that man, fool as he is, who marries A second wife, most miserably perish; Him who weds one, i will not blame too much, for he knew little of the ills he courted. But well the widower had proved all The ills which are in wedlock and in wives. And a little further on he says- o holy zeus, may i be quite undone, if ever I say a word against the women, The choicest of all creatures. And suppose medeia was a termagant,- what then?
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"Would that I had a quadruped says one, that may serve for a bed or easy chair. "Would that I had a tripod" - "Or a biped That is, a handmaid. And the hapless fool Who understands these hints, like oedipus, if saved at essay all is saved against his will. But they who do believe they're really loved Are much elated, and raise their heads to heaven. And in a word, of all the beasts on earth The direst and most treacherous is a harlot. G after Larensis had said all this, leonides, finding fault with the very name γαμετή married woman"d these verses out of the soothsayers of Alexis - oh wretched are we husbands, who have sold All liberty of life, all luxury, and live as slaves. We say we have a dowry; do we not Endure the penalty, full of female bile, compared to which the bile of man's pure honey? For men, though injured, pardon: but the women First injure us, and then reproach us more; They rule those whom they should not; those they should They constantly neglect. They falsely swear; They have no single hardship, no disease; And yet they are complaining without end. 559 And Xenarchus, in his Sleep, says- Are then the grasshoppers not happy, say you? When they have wives who cannot speak a word.
And as for Nanniŏn, in what, i pray, does she from Scylla differ? Has she not assignment Already swallowed up two lovers, and Opened her greedy jaws to enfold a third? But he with prosperous oar escaped the gulf. Then does not Phryne beat Charybdis hollow? Who swallows the sea-captains, ship and all. Is not Theano a mere de-feathered Siren? Their face and voice are woman's, but their legs Are feathered like a blackbird's. Take the lot, 'tis not too much to call them Theban Sphinxes. For they speak nothing plain, but only riddles; And in enigmas tell their victims how They love and dote, and long to be caressed.
And Cleopatra bore to Philippus a daughter who was named Europa." Euripides the poet, also, was much addicted to women: at all events hieronymus in his Historical Commentaries speaks as follows,- "When some one told Sophocles that Euripides was a woman-hater, 'he may be said. G but our married women are not such as Eubulus speaks of in his Female garland-sellers - by zeus, we are not painted with vermilion, nor with dark mulberry juice, as you are often: And then, if in the summer you go out, Two rivulets. And Anaxilas, in his neottis, says- The man whoever has loved a courtesan, will say that no more lawless worthless race can anywhere be found: for what ferocious Unsociable she-dragon, what Chimaera, though it breathe fire from its mouth, what Charybdis, what three-headed Scylla, dog. There is no monster greater. They alone book surpass all other evils put together. And let us now consider them in order:- first there is Plangōn ; she, like a chimaera, scorches the wretched barbarians with fire; assignment One knight alone was found to rid the world of her, Who, like a brave man, stole her furniture And fled, and. Then for Sinope 's friends, may i not say that it is a hydra they cohabit with? For she is old: but near her age, and like her, Greedy Gnathaena flaunts, a twofold evil.
For, in the twenty-two years which he reigned, as Satyrus relates in his History of his Life, having married Audata the Illyrian, he had by her a daughter named Cynna; and he also married Phila, a sister of Derdas and Machatas. And wishing to conciliate the nation of the Thessalians, he had children by two Thessalian women; one of whom was Nicesipolis of Pherae, who brought him a daughter named Thessalonice ; and the other was Philinna of Larissa, by whom he had Arrhidaeus. He also acquired the kingdom of the molossians, when he married Olympias, by whom he had Alexander and Cleopatra. And when he subdued Thrace, there came to him Cothelas, the king of the Thracians, bringing with him Meda his daughter, and many presents: and having married her, he added her to Olympias. And after all these, being violently in love, he married Cleopatra, the sister of Hippostratus and niece of Attalus. And bringing her also home to Olympias, he made all his life unquiet and troubled. For, as soon as this marriage took place, attalus said, 'now, indeed, legitimate kings shall be born, and not bastards.' And Alexander having heard this, smote Attalus with a goblet which he had in his hand; and Attalus in return struck him with his cup. And after that Olympias fled to the molossians; and Alexander fled to the Illyrians.
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For, first of english all he married the daughter of Hoples, and after her he married one of the daughters of Chalcodon, and giving both of them to his friends, he cohabited with a great many without marriage. Afterwards he took aethra, the daughter of Pittheus; after her he took medeia. 557 And Theseus, having attempted to ravish Helene, after that carried off Ariadne. Accordingly Ister, in the fourteenth book of his History of the Affairs of Athens, giving a catalogue of those women who became the wives of Theseus, says that some of them became so out of love, and that some were carried off by force, and. Now by force were ravished Helene, ariadne, hippolyte, and the daughters of Cercyon and Sinis; and he legally married Meliboea, the mother of Ajax. And Hesiodus says that he also married Hippe and Aegle; on account of whom he broke the oaths which he had sworn to Ariadne, as Cercops tells.
And Pherecydes adds Phereboea. And before ravishing Helene, he had also carried off Anaxo from Troezen ; and after Hippolyte he also had Phaedra. G and Philippus the macedonian did not take any women with him to his wars, as Dareius did, whose power plan was subverted by Alexander. For he used to take about with him three hundred and fifty concubines in all his wars; as Dicaearchus relates in the third book of his Life in Greece. "But Philippus says he, "was always marrying new wives in war time.
And Medeia, although well acquainted with the fashion, as one well established among the barbarians, refuses to tolerate the marriage of Glauce, because she has been introduced to better habits amongst the Greeks. And Clytaemnestra, being exceedingly indignant at a similar provocation, slays Cassandra with Agamemnon himself, when the monarch brought her back with him into Greece, having yielded to the fashion of barbarian marriages. "And a man may wonder says Aristotle, "that Homer has nowhere in the Iliad represented any concubine as living with Menelaus, though he has given wives to every one else. And accordingly, in Homer, even old men sleep with women, such as Nestor and Phoenix. For these men were not worn out or disabled in the time of their youth, either by intoxication, or by too much indulgence in love; or by any weakness of digestion engendered by gluttony; so that it was natural for them to be still vigorous.
The king of Sparta, then, appears to have too much respect for his wedded wife helene, on whose account he gathered all the Greek army; and on this account he keeps aloof from any other relationship. But Agamemnon is reproached by Thersites, as a man with many wives Il_2'226 - yours is whatever the warrior's breast inflames, The golden spoil, and yours the lovely dames; With all the wealth the Achaeans can bestow, your tents are crowded, your chests do overflow. "But it is not natural says Aristotle, "to suppose that all that multitude of female slaves were given to him as concubines, but only as prizes; since he also provided himself with a great quantity of wine, but not for the purpose of getting drunk. G but Heracles is the man who appears to have had more wives than any one else, for he was very much addicted to women; and he had them in turn, like a soldier, and a man employed at different times in different countries. And by them he had also a great multitude of children. For, in one week, as Herodorus relates, he relieved the fifty daughters of Thestius of their virginity. Aegeus also was a man of many wives.
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Unless perhaps this licence was allowed by a decree at that time on account of the scarcity of men, so that any one who pleased might have two wives; to which it must be owing that the comic poets make no mention of this fact. And hieronymus of Rhodes has cited the decree about wives; which I will send to you, since i have the book. But Panaetius of Rhodes has contradicted those who make this statement about the wives of Socrates. G but among the persians the queen tolerates the king's having a number of concubines, because there the king rules his wife like her master; and also because the queen, as Dinon with states in his history of Persia, receives a great deal of respect from. At all events they offer her obeisance. And Priamus, too, had a great many women, and Hecabe was not indignant. Accordingly, priamus says homer, il_24'496 - nineteen of my sons are from one womb; The rest were born to women in my halls. But among the Greeks, the mother of Phoenix does not tolerate the concubine of Amyntor homer, Il_9'447.plan
men caught hold of he led away as his wife, without a dowry. On which account they punished. Lysander, because he left his former wife, and wished to marry another who was by far more beautiful. Clearchus of, soli, in his treatise, on Proverbs, says,- "In Lacedaemon the women, on a certain festival, drag the unmarried men to an altar, and then thrash them; in order that, for the purpose of avoiding the insult of such treatment, they may become more. But at Athens, cecrops was the first person who married a man to one wife only, when before his time relationships had taken place at random, and men had had their wives in common. On which account it was, as some people state, that Cecrops was called διφυς 'of double nature because before his time people did not know who their fathers were, by reason of the numbers of men who might have been." And beginning in this. Socrates two wives, xanthippe and Myrto, the daughter of Aristeides ; not of that Aristeides who was surnamed the just, (for the time does not agree but of his descendant in the third generation. 556 And the men who made this statement are callisthenes, and Demetrius Phalereus, and Satyrus the peripatetic, and Aristoxenus ; who were preceded in it by Aristotle, who relates the same story in his treatise On Nobleness of Birth.
G 555, antiphanes the comic writer, my friend, timocrates, when he was reading one of his own comedies. Alexander the king, and when it was plain that the king did not think much of it, said to him, "The fact is, o king, that a man who is to appreciate this play, ought to have often supped at contribution-dinners, and must have often. Lycophron of, chalcis relates in his treatise on Comedy. And accordingly we, who are now about to set out a discussion on amatory matters, (for there was a good deal of conversation about married women and about courtesans saying what we have to say to people who understand the subject, will invoke the. Muse, erato to impress anew on our memory that long amatory catalogue, and make our commencement from this point. Apollonius Rhodius,.1 :-, come salon now, o erato, and tell me truly what it was that was said by the different guests about love and about amatory matters. G, for our admirable host, praising the married women, said that.
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Connecting content to people. Company, resources, plans products, apps. Athenaeus: deipnosophists - book 13 (a). Book 13, presentation pages 551-571, translated. A few words and spellings have been changed. See key to translations for an explanation of the format. The page numbers in the Greek text are shown in red. The chapter numbers in the translation are shown in green. go to page number (in range.