In 2005, she was Honorary Chairwoman for the martha Graham Dance company. That same year, she was awarded goodwill Ambassador by the American Red Cross—a role she served in for four years. Trump served five years as Honorary Chairwoman for the boys Club of New York and was named Woman of the year in 2006 by the police Athletic league. Trump has participated in National love our Children day and National Child Abuse Prevention month, ringing the closing bell at nasdaq. Trump was the Chairwoman for the American heart Association, which raised.7 million for research. That same year she launched her own jewelry collection. While melania trump became a household name in modeling and a contributing member of her community, she is first and foremost a mother and wife, and in 2017, melania trump made the White house and Washington home for her family. In her role as First Lady, mrs.
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His fundamental theme was that of an innocent, exuberant, and democratic America confronting the healthy worldly wisdom and corruption of Europes older, aristocratic culture. In both his light comedies and his tragedies, jamess sense of the human scene was sure and vivid, and, in spite of the mannerisms of his later style, he was one of the great prose writers and stylists of his century. Jamess public remained limited during his lifetime, but, after a revival of interest in his work during the 1940s and 50s, he reached an ever-widening audience. His works were translated in many countries, and he was recognized in the late 20th century as one of the subtlest craftsmen who ever practiced the art of the novel. His rendering of the inner life of his characters made him a forerunner of the stream-of-consciousness movement in the 20th century. Leon Edel The Editors of Encyclopaedia britannica. Melania trump was born on April 26, 1970 in Slovenia. At age 16, she began what would soon become a highly successful modeling career, appearing in many high profile ad campaigns and working with some of the best photographers in the fashion industry. Trump moved to new York and ten years later, she proudly became a united States Citizen. Trump has always been an active member of her community.
He devoted three years to rewriting and revising his principal novels and tales for the highly selective new York Edition, published in 24 volumes. For this edition James wrote 18 significant prefaces, which contain both reminiscence and exposition of his theories of fiction. Throwing his moral weight into Britains struggle in World War i, james became a british subject in 1915 and received the Order of Merit (O.M.) from King george. Legacy henry jamess career was one of the longest and most productive—and most influential—in American letters. A master of prose fiction from the first, he practiced it as a fertile innovator, enlarged the form, and placed upon it the stamp of a highly individual method and style. He wrote for 51 years—20 novels, 112 tales, 12 plays, several volumes of travel and criticism, and a great business deal of literary journalism. He recognized and helped to fashion the myth of the American abroad and incorporated this myth in the international novel, of which he was the acknowledged master.
The first part of the story is seen through the eyes of the aristocratic husband and the second through the developing awareness of the wife. While many of Jamess short stories were potboilers written for the current magazines, he achieved high mastery in the ghostly form, notably in The turn of the Screw (1898 and in such remarkable narratives as The Aspern Papers (1888) and The beast in the jungle. As a critic, james tended to plan explore the character and personality of writers as revealed in their creations; his essays are a brilliant series of studies, moral portraits, of the most famous novelists of his century, from Balzac to the Edwardian realists. His travel writings, English hours (1905 Italian hours (1909 and a little tour in France (1884 portray the backgrounds James used for his fictions. In his later years, james lived in retirement in an 18th-century house at rye in Sussex, though on completion of The golden Bowl he revisited the United States in 190405. James had lived abroad for 20 years, and in the interval America had become a great industrial and political power. His observation of the land and its people led him to write, on his return to England, a poetic volume of rediscovery and discovery, the American essay Scene (1907 prophetic in its vision of urban doom, spoliation, and pollution of resources and filled with misgivings over. The materialism of American life deeply troubled James, and on his return to England he set to work to shore up his own writings, and his own career, against this ephemeral world.
This is a high comedy of manners, of a middle-aged American who goes to paris to bring back to a massachusetts industrial town a wealthy young man who, in the view of his affluent family, has lingered too long abroad. The ambassador in the end is captivated by civilized Parisian life. The novel is a study in the growth of perception and awareness in the elderly hero, and it balances the relaxed moral standards of the european continent against the parochial rigidities of New England. The second of this series of novels was The wings of the dove, published in 1902, before The Ambassadors, although written after. This novel, dealing with a melodramatic subject of great pathos, that of an heiress doomed by illness to die, avoids its cliche subject by focusing upon the characters surrounding the unfortunate young woman. They intrigue to inherit her millions. Told in this way, and set in London and Venice, it becomes a powerful study of well-intentioned humans who, with dignity and reason, are at the same time also birds of prey. In its shifting points of view and avoidance of scenes that would end in melodrama, the wings of the dove demonstrated the mastery with which James could take a tawdry subject and invest it with grandeur. His final novel was The golden Bowl (1904 a study of adultery, with four principal characters.
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The result was a complete change in his storytelling methods. In The Spoils of poynton (1897 What maisie knew (1897 The turn of the Screw and In the cage (1898 and The Awkward Age (1899 james began to use the methods of alternating picture and dramatic scene, close adherence to a given angle of vision. The subjects of this period are the developing consciousness and moral education of children—in reality jamess old international theme of innocence in a corrupting world, transferred to the English setting. Career—final phase The experiments of this transition phase led James to the writing of three grandiose novels at the beginning of the new century, which represent his final—his major—phase, as it has been called. In these novels James pointed the way for the 20th-century report novel.
He had begun as a realist who describes minutely his crowded stage. He ended by leaving his stage comparatively bare, and showing a small group of characters in a tense situation, with a retrospective working out, through multiple angles of vision, of their drama. In addition to these technical devices he resorted to an increasingly allusive prose style, which became dense and charged with symbolic imagery. His late manner derived in part from his dictating directly to a typist and in part from his unremitting search for ways of projecting subjective experience in a flexible prose. The first of the three novels was The Ambassadors (1903).
In a series of witty tales, he pictured the self-made young woman, the bold and brash American innocent who insists upon American standards in European society. James ended this first phase of his career by producing his masterpiece, the portrait of a lady (1881 a study of a young woman from Albany who brings to europe her narrow provincialism and pretensions but also her sense of her own sovereignty, her free. As a picture of Americans moving in the expatriate society of England and of Italy, this novel has no equal in the history of modern fiction. It is a remarkable study of a band of egotists while at the same time offering a shrewd appraisal of the American character. Jamess understanding of power in personal relations was profound, as evinced in Washington Square (1881 the story of a young American heroine whose hopes for love and marriage are thwarted by her fathers callous rejection of a somewhat opportunistic suitor.
Career—middle phase In the 1880s James wrote two novels dealing with social reformers and revolutionaries, The bostonians (1886) and The Princess Casamassima (1886). In the novel of Boston life, james analyzed the struggle between conservative masculinity embodied in a southerner living in the north and an embittered man-hating suffragist. The bostonians remains the fullest and most-rounded American social novel of its time in its study of cranks, faddists, and do-gooders. In The Princess Casamassima james exploited the anarchist violence of the decade and depicted the struggle of a man who toys with revolution and is destroyed. These novels were followed by The Tragic Muse (1890 in which James projected a study of the london and Paris art studios and the stage, the conflict between art and the world. The latter novel raised the curtain on his own dramatic years, 189095, during which he tried to win success writing for the stage. His dramatization of The American in 1891 was a modest success, but an original play, guy domville, produced in 1895, was a failure, and James was booed at the end of the first performance. Crushed and feeling that he had lost his public, he spent several years seeking to adapt his dramatic experience to his fiction.
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From Turgenev he received confirmation of his own view that a novelist need not worry about story and that, in focusing on character, he would arrive at the life experience of his protagonist. Much as he liked France, legs james felt that he would be an eternal outsider there, and late in 1876 he crossed to london. There, in small rooms in Bolton Street off Piccadilly, he wrote the major fiction essay of his middle years. In 1878 he achieved international renown with his story of an American flirt in Rome, daisy miller, and further advanced his reputation with The europeans that same year. In England he was promptly taken up by the leading Victorians and became a regular at Lord houghton s breakfasts, where he consorted with Alfred Tennyson, william Gladstone, robert Browning, and others. A great social lion, james dined out 140 times during 18visited in many of the great Victorian houses and country seats. He was elected to london clubs, published his stories simultaneously in English and American periodicals, and mingled with george meredith, robert louis Stevenson, edmund Gosse, and other writers, thus establishing himself as a significant figure in Anglo-American literary and artistic relations. Jamess reputation was founded on his versatile studies of the American girl.
His years wandering in England, france, and Italy set the stage for a lifetime of travel in those countries. By nature he was friendly and even gregarious, but, while he was an active observer and participant in society, he tended, until late middle age, to be distant in his relations with people and was careful to avoid involvement. Career—first phase recognizing the appeal of Europe, given his cosmopolitan upbringing, james made a deliberate effort to discover whether he could live and work in the United States. Two years in Boston, two years in Europe, mainly in Rome, and a winter of unremitting hackwork in New York city convinced him essay that he could write better and live more cheaply abroad. Thus began his long expatriation—heralded by publication in 1875 of the novel Roderick hudson, the story of an American sculptors struggle by the banks of the tiber between his art and his passions; Transatlantic sketches, his first collection of travel writings; and a collection. With these three substantial books, he inaugurated a career that saw about 100 volumes through the press during the next 40 years. During 187576 James lived in Paris, writing literary and topical letters for the new York Tribune and working on his novel The American (1877 the story of a self-made American millionaire whose guileless and forthright character contrasts with that of the arrogant and cunning family. In Paris James sought out the russian novelist ivan Turgenev, whose work appealed to him, and through Turgenev was brought into gustave flaubert s coterie, where he got to know Edmond de goncourt, Émile zola, alphonse daudet, and guy de maupassant.
American realism. By his mid-20s James was regarded as one of the most skillful writers of short stories in America. Critics, however, deplored his tendency to write of the life of the mind, rather than of action. The stories of these early years show the leisurely existence of the well-to-do at Newport and Saratoga. Jamess apprenticeship was thorough. He wrote stories, reviews, and articles for almost a decade before he attempted a full-length novel. There had to be also the traditional grand tour, and James went abroad for his first adult encounter with Europe in 1869.
The young Henry was a shy, book-addicted boy who assumed the role yardage of quiet observer beside his active elder brother. They were taken abroad as infants, were schooled by tutors and governesses, and spent their preadolescent years in Manhattan. Geneva, paris, and London during their teens, the james children acquired languages and an awareness of Europe vouchsafed to few Americans in their times. On the eve of the. American civil War, the james family settled. Newport, rhode Island, and there, and later in Boston, henry came to know. When he was 19 years of age, he enrolled at the harvard Law School, but he devoted his study time to reading. Charles Augustin sainte-beuve, honoré de balzac, and, nathaniel Hawthorne. His first story appeared anonymously two years later in the new York.
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Henry james, (born April 15, 1843, new York, new York,. S.—died February 28, 1916, london, england American novelist and, as a naturalized English citizen from 1915, a great figure in the transatlantic culture. His fundamental theme was the innocence and exuberance of literature the new World in clash with the corruption and wisdom of the Old, as illustrated in such works. Daisy miller (1879 The portrait of a lady (1881 The bostonians (1886 and, the Ambassadors (1903). Read More on This Topic, american literature: Henry james. In the books of Henry james, born in New York but later an expatriate in England, fiction took a different pathway. Like realists and naturalists of his time, he thought that fiction should reproduce reality. He conceived of reality, however, as twice translated—first, early life and works, henry james was named for his father, a prominent social theorist and lecturer, and was the younger brother of the pragmatist philosopher.