61 Of the twelve venues used, the luzhniki stadium in Moscow and the saint Petersburg Stadium the two largest stadiums in Russia will be used most, both hosting seven matches. Sochi, kazan, nizhny novgorod and Samara will all host six matches, including one quarter-final match each, while the Otkrytiye stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don will host five matches, including one round-of-16 match each. Volgograd, kaliningrad, yekaterinburg and Saransk will all host four matches, but will not host any knockout stage games. Stadiums Exterior of Otkrytie arena in Moscow A total of twelve stadiums in eleven Russian cities have been built and renovated for the fifa world Cup. 62 Kaliningrad: Kaliningrad Stadium. The first piles were driven into the ground in September 2015. On the new stadium hosted its first match. The stadium was built for the 2013 Summer Universiade.
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Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed." 56 In October 2011, russia decreased the number daughter of stadiums from 16. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first. 57 The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Of the 12 stadiums used for the tournament, 3 (Luzhniki, yekaterinburg and Sochi) have been extensively renovated and the other 9 stadiums to be used are brand new;.8 billion has been spent on hosting the tournament. 58 Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that, given the concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12. He also said, "we are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in south Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums". 59 Reconstruction of the yekaterinburg Central Stadium in January 2017 In October 2014, on their first official visit to russia, fifa's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, sochi, kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress. 60 On, fifa and the local Organising Committee agreed on the official names of the stadiums used during the tournament.
47 On, diego costa 's goal against Portugal became the first World Cup goal based on a var decision; 48 the first penalty as a result of a var decision was awarded to France in their match against Australia on 16 June and resulted. 49 A record number of penalties were awarded in the tournament, with this phenomenon being partially attributed to var. 50 overall, the new technology has been both praised and criticised by commentators. 51 fifa declared the implementation of var a success after the first week of competition. 52 Venues Further information: 2018 fifa world Cup venues Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, kazan, krasnodar, moscow, nizhny novgorod, rostov-on-Don, saint Petersburg, samara, saransk, sochi, volgograd, yaroslavl, and yekaterinburg. 53 Most cities are in European Russia, while sochi 54 and yekaterinburg 55 are very close to the europe-Asia border, to reduce travel revelation time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding fifa's minimum requirement.
38 On, fifa released the list of 13 video assistant referees, who will solely act in this capacity in the tournament. 39 On, referee fahad Al-Mirdasi of saudi Arabia was removed over a match fixing attempt, 40 along with his two assistant referees, compatriots Mohammed Al-Abakry and Abdulah Al-Shalwai. A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, hasan Al Mahri of the United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi yamauchi of Japan, were added to the list. 41 42 Assistant referee marwa range of Kenya also withdrew after the bbc released an investigation conducted by a ghanaian journalist which implicated Marwa in a bribery scandal. 43 Video assistant referees var in use in during the Group D match between Nigeria and Iceland, at Volgograd. Shortly after the International football Association board 's decision to incorporate video assistant referees (VARs) into yardage the laws of the game, on, the fifa council took the much-anticipated step of approving the use of var for the first time in a fifa world Cup tournament. 44 45 var operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees. 46 Systems are in place for communicating var-related information to broadcasters and visuals on stadiums' large screens are used for the fans in attendance. 46 var had a significant impact in several games.
34 This was different from previous draws, when only pot 1 was based on fifa rankings while the remaining pots were based on geographical considerations. However, teams from the same confederation still were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except that two uefa teams could be in each group. Squads main article: 2018 fifa world Cup squads Initially, each team had to name a preliminary squad of 30 players but, in February 2018, this was increased. 35 From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June. Players in the final squad may be replaced for serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad. 36 For players named in the 35-player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and, except for those involved in the 2018 uefa champions league final played on 26 may. 37 Officiating main article: 2018 fifa world Cup officials On, fifa released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches.
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22 23 The first qualification game, between Timor-Leste and Mongolia, began in Dili on part of the afc's qualification, 24 and the main qualifying draw took place at the konstantinovsky palace in Strelna, saint Petersburg, on Of the 32 nations qualified to play at the. Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the world Cup. 28 Other teams returning after absences of at least three tournaments include: Egypt, returning to the finals after their last appearance in 1990; Morocco, who last competed in 1998; Peru, returning after 1982; and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals. It is the first time three nordic countries (Denmark, iceland and Sweden) and four Arab nations (Egypt, morocco, saudi Arabia and Tunisia) have qualified for the world Cup. 29 Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy (for the first time since 1958 three-time runners-up and third placed in 2014 the netherlands (for the first time since 2002 and four reigning continental champions: 2017 Africa cup of Nations winners Cameroon, two-time.
The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and ivory coast, who had both made the previous three tournaments. 30 Note: Numbers in parentheses indicate positions in the fifa world Rankings at the time of the tournament. 31 Draw main article: 2018 fifa world Cup seeding The draw was held on 1 December 2017 at 18:00 msk at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow. 32 33 The 32 teams were drawn into 8 groups of 4, by selecting one team from each of the 4 ranked pots. For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the fifa world Rankings of October 2017. Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia (who were automatically assigned to position A1) and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and.
The 22-member fifa executive committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments. 11 Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The portugal/Spain bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round. 12 The voting results were as follows: 13 2018 fifa bidding (majority 12 votes) Bidders Votes round 1 round 2 Russia 9 13 Portugal / Spain 7 7 Belgium / Netherlands 4 2 England 2 Eliminated Criticism The English football Association and others raised concerns. They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win.
garcia report, an internal investigation led by michael. Garcia, was withheld from public release by hans-joachim Eckert, fifa's head of adjudication on ethical matters. Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his (and therefore fifa's) reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest. 15 Because of the controversy, the fa refused to accept Eckert's absolving of Russia from blame, with Greg dyke calling for a re-examination of the affair and david Bernstein calling for a boycott of the world Cup. 16 17 teams qualification main article: 2018 fifa world Cup qualification For the first time in the history of the fifa world Cup, all eligible nations the 209 fifa member associations minus automatically qualified hosts Russia applied to enter the qualifying process. 18 Zimbabwe and Indonesia were later disqualified before playing their first matches, 19 20 while gibraltar and Kosovo, who joined fifa on fter the qualifying draw but before european qualifying had begun, also entered the competition. 21 Places in the tournament were allocated to continental confederations, with the allocation unchanged from the 2014 World Cup.
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Luzhniki stadium in Moscow. 7 Contents Host selection main article: Russia 2018 fifa world Cup bid Russian bid personnel celebrate the margaret awarding of the summary 2018 World Cup to russia on 2 December 2010. The 100- ruble commemorative banknote celebrates the 2018 fifa world Cup. It features an image of soviet goalkeeper lev yashin. The bidding procedure to host the 20 fifa world Cup tournaments began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest. 8 Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 fifa world Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings, 9 and Indonesia's bid was rejected by fifa in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid. 10 During the bidding process, the three remaining non- uefa nations (Australia, japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the uefa nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 fifa world Cup, two of which were joint bids: England, russia, netherlands/Belgium, and Portugal/Spain.
For the first time the tournament takes place on two continents europe and Asia. 3, all but two of the stadium venues are. At an estimated cost of over.2 billion, it is the most expensive world Cup ever. 4, this is also the first World Cup to use video assistant referees (VARs). 5 best 6, the final tournament involves 32 national teams, which include 31 teams determined through qualifying competitions and the automatically qualified host team. Of the 32 teams, 20 made back-to-back appearances following the last tournament in 2014, while both, iceland and, panama made their first appearances at a fifa world Cup. A total of 64 matches will be played in 12 venues located in 11 cities. The final will take place on 15 July at the.
an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations. Fifa once every four years. It is currently ongoing. Russia starting from 14 June and will end with the final match on 1, this is the first World Cup to be held. Eastern Europe, 2 and the eleventh time that it has been held in Europe.
Usually you can use a stronger more compelling verb. However, it is often difficult to think of good verbs. Sometimes, you can get stuck using the same verb such as multiple times when it is better to mix up statements with other similar verbs. Below you will find a list of verbs and their synonym (verbs with a similar meaning). It is also helpful to have an online thesaurus opened in a window, which can help you build more vibrant statements. Resume power Verbs A through. A synonyms, d Synonyms abated decline, roles decrease, lessen dealt traded, marketed, sold abbreviated concise, condensed, summarized debated argued, discussed, disputed abolished ended, eradicated, terminated debugged corrected, fixed, cured abridged compressed, condensed, compact decided determined, resolved, settled absolved cleared, excused, exonerated decoded decipher, fathom, solve absorbed.
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Strong action verbs can help drive home your previous success and career achievements. They are important to help you start statements that explain your responsibilities and accomplishments. Most people dont realize that resumes arent written in perfect English. The statements are sentence fragments that generally begin with a verb. These statements make up the paragraphs that are written under the job headings in the experience the section. Sentences in the bullet points of accomplishments are also written using this structure. Instead of saying I helped or I produced the pronoun is taken out and the action verb starts the sentence. Sometimes we see resumes use words like handled when describing an action.