Schilpp 10; cp 2, 24 1905 Ist die trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig? Does the Inertia of a body depend upon its Energy content? Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 18, 639641, link Special relativity. 31 A follow-on from his last paper, this paper derived the conclusion that mass was equivalent to an energy and vice versa, leading to the famous equation Emc2. Cp 2, 25 1905 review of heinrich Birven: Grundzüge der mechanischen Wärmetheorie review of heinrich Birven: Fundamentals of the mechanical Theory of heat beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 26 1905 review of Auguste ponsot: "Chaleur dans le déplacement de 1'équilibre d'un système capillaire" review of Auguste ponsot: "Heat in the displacement of the Equilibrium of a capillary system" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 175 Thermodynamics.
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29 Seminal treatment of Brownian motion, a type of translational diffusion. Cp 2, 17 1905 review of Karl Fredrik slotte: happy "Über die schmelzwärme" review of Karl Fredrik slotte: "On the heat of Fusion" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 18 1905 review of Karl Fredrik slotte: "Folgerungen aus einer thermodynamischen Gleichung" review of Karl Fredrik slotte: "Conclusions Drawn from a thermodynamic Equation" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 135 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 19 1905 review of Emile mathias: "La constante a des diamètres rectilignes et les lois des états correspondents" review of Emile mathias: "The constant a of Rectilinear diameters and the laws of Corresponding States" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 136 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 20 1905 review of Max Planck: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 29 (1905) 137 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 21 1905 review of Edgar Buckingham: "On Certain Difficulties Which Are Encountered in the Study of Thermodynamics" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 137 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 22 1905 review of paul Langevin: "Sur une formule fondamentale de la théorie cinétique" review of paul Langevin: "On a fundamental Formula of the kinetic Theory" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 138 Thermodynamics. Schilpp 9; cp 2, 23 1905 Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper On the Electrodynamics of moving Bodies Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 891921, link, wikilivres Special relativity. 30 This seminal paper gave birth to special relativity (SR). In particular, it stated the two postulates of sr (uniform motion is undetectable, and the speed of light is always constant) and its kinematics.
Cp 2, 12 1905 review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "Einfluss der Änderung der spezifischen Wärme auf die umwandlungsarbeit" review of Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff: "The Influence of the Change in Specific heat on the work of Conversion" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik,. Cp 2, 13 1905 review of Arturo giammarco: "Un caso di corrispondenza in termodinamica" review of Arturo giammarco: "a case of Corresponding States in Thermodynamics" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 84 Thermodynamics. Schilpp 7; cp 2, 14 1905 March 17 Über einen die erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt On a heuristic point of view Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 132148, link Photons. 28 Proposal of the photon as a quantum write of energy, supported by many independent arguments. Schilpp 8; cp 2, 16 1905 Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten teilchen On the movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary liquids Required by the molecular-Kinetic Theory of heat Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 17, 549560, link Statistical mechanics.
4), 14, 354362, link Statistical mechanics. 27 Fluctuations and new methods for determining Boltzmann's constant. Cp 2, 6 1905 review of giuseppe belluzzo: "Principi di termodinamica grafica" review of giuseppe belluzzo: "Principles of Graphic Thermodynamics" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 78 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 7 1905 review of Albert Fliegner: "Über den Clausius'schen Entropiesatz" review of Albert Fliegner: "On Clausius's Law of Entropy" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 8 1905 review of William McFadden Orr: "On Clausius' Theorem for Irreversible cycles, and on the Increase of Entropy" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 79 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 9 1905 review of george hartley bryan: "The law of Degradation of Energy as the fundamental Principle of Thermodynamics" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 80 Thermodynamics. Cp 2, 10 1905 review of nikolay nikolayevich Schiller: "Einige bedenken betreffend die theorie der Entropievermehrung durch Diffusion der Gase bei einander gleichen Anfangsspannungen der letzteren" review of nikolay nikolayevich Schiller: "Some concerns Regarding the Theory of Entropy Increase due to the diffusion of Gases. Cp 2, 11 1905 review of jakob Johann weyrauch: "Über die spezifischen Wärmen des überhitzten Wasserdampfes" review of jakob Johann weyrauch: "On the specific heats of Superheated Water Vapor" beiblätter zu den Annalen der Physik, 29, 82 Thermodynamics.
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4), 8, 798814, link Intermolecular forces. 23 Einstein's second paper on a universal molecular energy function, this time applied to electrolytic solutions. No papers data are available for comparison. Einstein characterizes these two papers as "worthless" in 1907. 24 Schilpp 3; cp 2, 3 1902 Kinetische Theorie des Wärmegleichgewichtes und des zweiten hauptsatzes der Thermodynamik kinetic Theory of Thermal Equilibrium and of the second Law of Thermodynamics Annalen handwriting der Physik (ser. 4), 9, 417433, link Statistical mechanics.
25 Study of the equipartition theorem and the definitions of temperature and entropy. Schilpp 4; cp 2, 4 1903 Eine Theorie der Grundlagen der Thermodynamik a theory of the foundations of Thermodynamics Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 11, 170187, link Statistical mechanics. 26 The problem of irreversibility in thermodynamics. Schilpp 5; cp 2, 5 1904 Allgemeine molekulare Theorie der Wärme On the general Molecular Theory of heat Annalen der Physik (ser.
16 The famous Bohr model of the hydrogen atom is a simple example, but the ebk method also gives accurate predictions for more complicated systems, such as the dinuclear cations H2 and heh2. 17 In 1918, einstein developed a general theory of the process by which atoms emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation (his a and B coefficients which is the basis of lasers ( stimulated emission ) and shaped the development of modern quantum electrodynamics, the best-validated physical. 18 In 1924, together with Satyendra nath Bose, einstein developed the theory of BoseEinstein statistics and BoseEinstein condensates, which form the basis for superfluidity, superconductivity, and other phenomena. 19 In 1935, together with Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen, einstein put forward what is now known as the epr paradox, and argued that the quantum-mechanical wave function must be an incomplete description of the physical world. 20 In the final thirty years of his life, einstein explored whether various classical unified field theories could account for both electromagnetism and gravitation and, possibly, quantum mechanics. However, his efforts were unsuccessful, since those theories did not match experimental observations.
21 journal articles edit most of Einstein's original scientific work appeared as journal articles. Articles on which Einstein collaborated with other scientists are highlighted in lavender, with the co-author(s) listed in the "Classification and notes" column. Index notes 1 year Title and English translation notes 2 journal, volume, pages notes 3 Classification and notes notes 4 Schilpp 1; cp 2, 1 1901 Folgerungen aus den Kapillaritätserscheinungen Conclusions Drawn from the Phenomena of Capillarity Annalen der Physik (ser. 4), 4, 513523, link Intermolecular forces. 22 The first of two papers in which Einstein proposed the (incorrect) theory that the interactions between all molecules are a universal function of distance, in analogy with the inverse-square force of gravity. Once parameterized, his theory makes reasonably accurate predictions for heavier hydrophobic molecules, but fails for lighter molecules. Schilpp 2; cp 2, 2 1902 Thermodynamische Theorie der Potentialdifferenz zwischen Metallen und vollständig dissoziierten Lösungen ihrer Salze, und eine elektrische methode zur Erforschung der Molekularkräfte On the Thermodynamic Theory of the difference in Potentials between Metals and Fully dissociated Solutions of Their Salts and.
Release of collected papers of, albert, einstein give
The energy released in nuclear reactions —which is essential for list nuclear power and nuclear weapons —can be estimated from such mass defects. 7 In 1907 and again in 1911, einstein developed the first quantum theory of specific heats by generalizing Planck's law. 8 His theory resolved a paradox of 19th-century physics that specific heats were often smaller than could be explained by any classical theory. His work was also the first to show that Planck's quantum mechanical law Ehν was a fundamental law of physics, and not merely special to blackbody radiation. 1915, einstein developed the theory of general book relativity, a classical field theory of gravitation that provides the cornerstone for modern astrophysics and cosmology. 10 General relativity is based on the surprising idea that time and space dynamically interact with matter and energy, and has been checked experimentally in many ways, 11 confirming its predictions of matter affecting the flow of time, 12 frame dragging, 13 black holes,. 15 In 1917, einstein published the idea for the einsteinBrillouinKeller method for finding the quantum mechanical version of a classical system.
3 he would go on to receive the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for this work. In 1905, einstein developed a theory of Brownian motion in terms of fluctuations in the number of molecular collisions with an object, 4 providing further evidence that matter was composed of atoms. A few weeks earlier, he had derived the einstein relation for diffusion, which was the first example taxi of the general fluctuation-dissipation theorem and allowed a good estimate of the avogadro constant. 5 In 1905, einstein developed the theory of special relativity, which reconciled the relativity of motion with the observed constancy of the speed of light (a paradox of 19th-century physics). 6 Special relativity is now a core principle of physics. Its counterintuitive predictions that moving clocks run more slowly, that moving objects are shortened in their direction of motion, and that the order of events is not absolute have been confirmed experimentally. In 1905, einstein developed his concept of Massenergy equivalence. Its relation Emc2 suggested that matter was a form of energy, which was later verified by the mass defect in atomic nuclei.
non-scientific works follows the Schilpp bibliography, which cites over 130 non-scientific works, often on humanitarian or political topics (pp. . Five volumes of Einstein's. Collected Papers (volumes 1, 5, 810) are devoted to his correspondence, much of which is concerned with scientific questions. These letters are likewise not listed here, since they were not prepared for publication. Contents, chronology and major themes edit, the following station of Einstein's scientific discoveries provides a context for the publications listed below, and clarifies the major themes running through his work. The first four entries come from his Annus Mirabilis papers or miracle year papers. In 1905, einstein proposed the existence of the photon, an elementary particle associated with electromagnetic radiation (light which was the foundation of quantum theory. 2 In 1909, einstein showed that the photon carries momentum as well as energy and that electromagnetic radiation must have both particle-like and wave-like properties if Planck's law holds; this was a forerunner of the principle of waveparticle duality.
Complete references for these two bibliographies may be found below in the. The Schilpp numbers are used for cross-referencing in the notes (the final column of each table since they database cover a greater time period of Einstein's life at present. The English translations of titles are generally taken from the published volumes of the. For some publications, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a superscript. Although the tables are presented in chronological order by default, each table can be re-arranged in alphabetical order for any column by the reader clicking on the arrows at the top of that column. For illustration, to re-order a table by subject—e. G., to group together articles that pertain to "General relativity" or "Specific heats"—one need only click on the arrows in the "Classification and Notes" columns. To print out the re-sorted table, one may print it directly by using the web-browser Print option; the "Printable version" link at the left gives only the default sorting.
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From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. Albert Einstein (18791955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity. He also made important contributions to statistical mechanics, especially his treatment of, brownian motion, his resolution of the paradox of specific heats, and his connection of fluctuations and dissipation. Despite his reservations about its interpretation, einstein also made seminal contributions to quantum mechanics and, indirectly, quantum field theory, primarily through his theoretical studies of the photon. 1, einstein's scientific publications are listed below in four tables: journal articles, book chapters, books and authorized translations. Each publication is indexed in the first column by supermarket its number in the Schilpp bibliography (. Albert Einstein: PhilosopherScientist,. . 694730) and by its article number in Einstein's.