The term " thesis " is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work. Contents, etymology edit, the term " thesis " comes from the Greek θέσις, meaning "something put forth and refers to an intellectual proposition. "Dissertation" comes from the, latin dissertātiō, meaning "path". Aristotle was the first philosopher to define the term thesis. "a ' thesis ' is a supposition of some eminent philosopher that conflicts with the general r to take notice when any ordinary person expresses views contrary to men's usual opinions would be silly". For Aristotle, a thesis would therefore be a supposition that is stated in contradiction with general opinion or express disagreement with other philosophers (104b33-35).
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Resources/Acknowlegements The senior seminar website has a very detailed document on " How to write a thesis well " which you might want to look. Most of the tips given there are relevant for your thesis proposal as well. Recommended books on scientific writing Some of the material on this page was adapted from: ml proposal. Htm thesis - proposal. For other uses, see, thesis (disambiguation). For the novel, see. A thesis or dissertation 1 is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. 2, in some contexts, the word " thesis " or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's database course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. 3, the term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations. 4, the required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration. The word "dissertation" can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree.
The reader focuses on the grammar and spelling problems and misses keys points made in the text. . Modern word processing programs have grammar and spell checkers. . Read your proposal aloud - then have a friend read it aloud. If your sentences seem too long, make two or three sentences instead of one. . Try to write the same way that you speak when you are explaining a concept. Most people speak more shredder clearly than they write. You should have read your proposal over at least 5 times before handing it in Simple wording is generally better If you get comments from others that seem completely irrelevant to you, your paper is not written clearly enough never use a complex word.
Second, good drawings are very shredder valuable. . Other scientists will understand your paper better if you can make a drawing of your ideas. . A co-author of mine has advised me: make figures that other people will want to steal. . They will cite your paper because they want to use your figure in their paper. Make cartoons using a scientific drawing program. . Depending upon the subject of your paper, a cartoon might incorporate the following: a picture of the scientific equipment that you are using and an explanation of how it works; a drawing of a cycle showing steps, feedback loops, and bifurcations: this can include chemical. Incorporate graphs in the text or on separated sheets inserted in the thesis proposal Modern computer summary technology such as scanners and drafting programs are available in the department to help you create or modify pictures. Grammar/spelling poor grammar and spelling distract from the content of the proposal. .
Most often the introduction should be written next to last. Tips Figures "Pictures say more than a thousand words!" Figures serve to illustrate important aspects of the background material, sample data, and analysis techniques. A well chosen and well labeled figure can reduce text length, and improve proposal clarity. . Proposals often contain figures from other articles. . These can be appropriate, but you should consider modifying them if the modifications will improve your point. The whole process of making a drawing is important for two reasons. . First, it clarifies your thinking. . If you dont understand the process, you cant draw.
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Child (1964) review of ciliary structure and function. In: biochemistry and Physiology of Protozoa, vol. Hutner, editor Academic Press, new York, 131-198. (1997) lecture notes, Environmental Data Analysis, barnard College, oct 2, 1997. Bonani (1995) A high altitude continental paleotemperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater from the garden san juan Basin, new Mexico. New York times (1/15/00) pcbs in the hudson still an issue,. It is acceptable to put the initials of the individual authors behind their last names,.
L., Stute,., simpson,. J., and hays, j (1996) Undergraduate research. Order in which to write the proposal. . Proceed in the following order: make an outline of your thesis proposal before you start writing Prepare figures and tables Figure captions Methods Discussion of your data Inferences from your data Introduction Abstract Bibliography This order may seem backwards. However, it is difficult to write an abstract until you know your most important results. . Sometimes, it is possible to write the introduction first. .
Population growth is one of the greatest environmental concerns facing future generations (Hays, 1994). Cite double-author references by the surnames of both authors (followed by date of the publication in parenthesis). Simpson and hays (1994) cite more than double-author references by the surname of the first author followed by. And then the date of the publication. Pfirman, simpson and hays would be: Pfirman. (1994) cite newspaper articles using the newspaper name and date,.
G.this problem was also recently discussed in the press (New York times, 1/15/00) do not use footnotes list all references cited in the text in alphabetical order using the following format for different types of material: Hunt,. (1966) Carbohydrate and amino acid composition of the egg capsules of the whelk. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1997) Commonly asked questions about ozone. Hays (1996) Undergraduate research at Barnard and Columbia, journal of Research, 11, 213-214. (1987) A short guide to writing about biology. Harper Collins Publishers, new York, 194pp.
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Of course, the presentation state of the individual projects at the end of the fall will vary, and therefore also the format of the elements discussed below. Title page contains short, descriptive title of the proposed thesis project (should be fairly self-explanatory) and author, institution, department, resreach mentor, mentor's institution, and date of delivery Abstract the abstract is a brief summary of your thesis proposal its length should not exceed 200 words. How will data be collected and analyzed? What materials will be used? Include calculations, technique, procedure, equipment, and calibration graphs detail limitations, assumptions, and range of validity citations should be limited to data sources and more complete descriptions of procedures do not include results and discussion of results here Preliminary results and discussion present any results you. Why is it year worth knowing, what are the major implications? List of references cite all ideas, concepts, text, data that are not your own if you make a statement, back it up with your own data or a reference all references cited in the text must be listed cite single-author references by the surname. According to hays (1994).
Therefore, when evaluating a thesis proposal, we are not trying to assure ourselves that you have clearly described a sure-fire research project with 0 risk of failure. (If there was no risk of failure, it wouldn't be research.) Instead, what we're interested in seeing is resume if you have a clear handle on the process and structure of research as it's practiced by our discipline. If you can present a clear and reasonable thesis idea, if you can clearly relate it to other relevant literature, if you can justify its significance, if you can describe a method for investigating it, and if you can decompose it into a sequence. What a successful thesis proposal demonstrates is that, regardless of the eventual idea you pursue, you know the steps involved in turning it into a thesis. Structure of a thesis proposal your thesis proposal should have the following elements in this order. Title page Abstract Table of contents Introduction Thesis statement Approach/methods Preliminary results and discussion Work plan including time table Implications of research List of references The structure is very similar to that of a thesis or a scientific paper. You will be able to use a large fraction of the material of the thesis proposal in your final senior thesis.
background of your project, develop or adapt appropriate methods, and summarize the state of your project as a thesis proposal. The goal is to progress as far as possible with the elements listed above during the fall semester. The more you can accomplish during the fall, the further you can drive the project in the end, and the more relaxed the spring semester is going to be for you (and us). The purpose of writing a thesis proposal is to demonstrate that the thesis topic addresses a significant environmental problem; an organized plan is in place for collecting or obtaining data to help solve the problem; methods of data analysis have been identified and are appropriate. If you can outline these points clearly in a proposal, then you will be able to focus on a research topic and finish it rapidly. A secondary purpose of the proposal is to train you in the art of proposal writing. . Any future career in Environmental Sciences, whether it be in industry or academia will require these skills in some form. We are well aware that the best laid out research plans may go awry, and that the best completed theses sometimes bear only little resemblance to the thesis planned during the proposal.
Structure of a thesis proposal, iii. Order in which to write the proposal,. Framework, senior research projects in Environmental Sciences have the following elements in common: An environmental issue is identified. Other people's work on the topic is collected and evaluated. Data necessary to solving the problem are either collected by the student, or obtained independently. Data are analyzed using techniques appropriate to the data set. Results of the analysis are reported and are interpreted thesis in light of the initial environmental issue.
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