Remarriage of widows was allowed. There are a number of references to the custom of niyoga where a brother of the deceased husband/or any other person could marry the widow. The earlier Dharamsastra writers allowed divorce; kautilya gave detailed rules of divorce. As regards sati, burning of the widow, Shakuntala rao sastri writes that the rigveda does not mention anywhere the practice of the burning or burial of widows with their dead husbands. As regards property rights, according to vedic hymns, both husband and wife was joint owner of the property. Women inherited and possessed property, but their rights were limited. As a daughter, she had no share in her fathers property.
An Essay on Woman parody by wilkes and Potter
In Vedic times, women were not treated as inferior or subordinate but equal to men in all matters of life. They were given education and had a voice in the selection of their husband. Marriage was presentation regarded as a religious bond. Child marriage was unknown. Often there were love marriages known as Gandharva vivaha. Monogamy was a general rule. Polygamy was almost unknown. Women enjoyed complete freedom in household matters. In the religious field, women enjoyed all rights and regularly participated in religious ceremonies. In fact, the performance of religious ceremonies was considered invalid without while wife joining her husband as she was regarded as ardhangini (better-half). The references in the rigveda to the life of a widow are very few but it was not characterized by restrictions and austerities as in the post-Vedic days.
Rigvedic Period : It is generally upheld on the basis of the instances depicted in religious texts (e.g., vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, epics like ramayan and Mahabharat and other Dharmasastras) that in ancient India, especially in Rigvedic period, women enjoyed equal status with men. Advertisements: They had an honourable place in the society. They were not secluded plan from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and state occasions. They studied the vedas and composed hymns. They also distinguished themselves in science and learning at their times. They were considered intellectual companies of their husbands, as the friends and loving helpers in the journey of life of their partners, in their religious duties and the centre of their domestic bliss.
She was not allowed to decide how money would be spent or invested. She did not have any money at her disposal. She had to take permission to spend money from her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family. In brief, she had no personality of her own. Some scholars have explained this inferior status write of women as a result of patriarchal code of living. The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for the low status of women in India. In the following paragraphs we will survey, in brief, the position of women in India from Rigvedic period to modern times.
Advertisements: Essay on The position of Women in India! The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. Some have described their status as equals to men, while others have held not only in disrespect but even in positive hatred. This is why it has presented many problems to sociologists while evaluating womens status in India. The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of devi (goddess) as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India. Advertisements: Though woman enjoyed the theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini (better-half but in practice she had a subservient position than man. She was regarded as a chattle (a corporal moveable property) with no rights. It was generally seen and believed that women had lower status with reference to power and influence than men in all spheres of life—family, community, religion and politics. Till recently, it was held that up to marriage, she is protected by her parents, during married life, she is looked after by her husband, and after the death of her husband, she was used to spend remaining years of her life under the roof.
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They are making the nation proud by their outstanding performances almost every spheres including medical science, social service, engineering, etc. availability of quality sales workforce: Large organizations need a large pool of high quality workforce. Empowerment of women would help in increasing the total workforce of quality people. Self-esteem: Women should be treated equally with men in all spheres of life. This would help her develop a good emotional health. Improved health: Nutrition is important for growth and proper health.
Provision of balanced and nutritious food would keep the body healthy. Human rights: every woman deserves to be treated with respect and dignity. Not allowing them to get educated or not providing them with a safe working environment is against basic human rights. Empowering women would help is in dealing with human right issues. Cleanliness and hygiene: Empowering women also include providing them education related to cleanliness and hygiene. When they understand the benefits of maintaining a clean and hygiene environment, they would obviously make effort towards. Also read: How to Empower Women in India?
The money that women earn does not only help them and or their family, but it also help develop the society. Economic Benefits: Women Empowerment also leads to more economic benefits not to the individuals but to the society as well. Unlike earlier days when they stayed at home only and do only kitchen stuffs, nowadays, they roam outside and also earns money like the male members of the society. . Women empowerment helps women to stand on their own legs, become independent and also to earn for their family which grows countrys economy. Reduction in domestic violence: Women Empowerment leads to decrease in domestic violence.
Uneducated women are at higher risk for domestic violence than an educated women. Reduction in corruption: Women Empowerment is also advantageous in case of corruption. Women empowerment helps women to get educated and know their rights and duties and hence can stop corruption. Reduce poverty: Women Empowerment also reduces poverty. Sometimes, the money earned by the male member of the family is not sufficient to meet the demands of the family. The added earnings of women helps the family to come out of poverty trap. National development: Women are increasingly participating in the national development process.
An essay on woman, in three epistels - john Wilkes - google books
Equally competent and intelligent: Women are equally competent. Nowadays, women are even ahead of men in many socio-economic activities. Talented: Women are as talented as men. Previously, women were not allowed higher education like men and hence their talents were wasted. But nowadays, they are also allowed to go for higher studies and it encourages women to show their talents which will not only benefit her individually but to the whole world at large. Today, many women are occupying the top position of multinational companies. Overall development plan of society: The main advantage of Women Empowerment is that there will be an overall development of the society.
Women Empowerment refers to the creation of an environment for women where they can make decisions of their own for their personal benefits as writing well as for the society. Women Empowerment refers to increasing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right to women, and to make them confident enough to claim their rights, such as: freely live their life with a sense of self-worth, respect and. Women have the rights to get their voices heard. (Also read: Short Paragraph on Women Empowerment why women Empowerment is Important? Underemployed and unemployed: Women population constitutes around 50 of the world population. A large number of women around the world are unemployed. The world economy suffers a lot because of the unequal opportunity for women at workplaces. (Also read: Paragraph on Women Employment ).
The majority of successful women entered what could be described as neutral or predominantly female careers (White, 51). Most of the successful women had professional and vocational qualifications, having studied business administration. Women were then expected to enter one of these fields, if they were to pursue any career. Introduction: The topic on Women Empowerment is a burning issue all over the world. Women empowerment and women equality with men is a universal issue. What is the meaning of Women Empowerment?
Barbara White, in Womens Career development, list describes these women as late starters. Late starters are women who have been held back because of other commitments, beliefs or opinions. Some of todays profssionals made late commitments to their careers. Thirty-one percent decided that they would work at an early age because of family morals and traditions (White, 104). Women entered their chosen occupation at the bottom of the business ladder. A very small number of them became entrepreneurs; it took determination, even though they were already part of the workforce. The ones who did strive to become entrepreneurs were known as go-getters (White, 104).
John Wilkes - essay on Woman - wilkes and Liberty james
2050 Words 9 Pages, the "glass ceiling" has held women back from certain positions and opportunities in the workplace. Women are stereotyped as part-time, lower-grade workers with limited opportunities for training and advancement because of this "glass ceiling". How have women managed their careers when confronted by this glass ceiling? It has been difficult; American women have struggled for their role in society since 1848. Womens roles have changed significantly throughout the past centuries because of their willingness and persistence. Women have contributed to the change pace of their role in the workplace by showing motivation and perseverance. The seneca falls Convention in 1848 started a womens show more content, women also had to live up to their family heritage and what their familys thoughts were of a woman in the workforce. Some women felt that family issues had delayed the dawn of their careers.